Since the beginning of her campaign, Hillary Clinton has promised that she will ensure “equal pay for women’s work” or equal pay for equal work as the saying goes. She believes that women are being discriminated against in the labor market and this is the reason men make more money. This is a lie, not because women’s income is only 75% of men’s, but because men and women make different choices in life.

As Austrian economist Steve Horwitz explains in his YouTube video, differences in salaries can be rationally explained when different factors are controlled. When comparing pay between genders with the same education, experience, and job, women make 98% of what men make. The reason men have greater income overall is because they tend to work more engineering, computer science and business jobs, which pay higher salaries. Another reason that women have less income overall is the fact that they tend to work more part-time jobs and leave the workforce to care for their children, thus having less experience, productivity and lower wages. Still, Hillary along with feminists/progressives/social justice warriors will probably still point out that there is a 2% wage gap discrimination, even after statistical data is controlled.

It’s possible that some discrimination is taking place, but other explanations are possible too. For example, NBA basketball players do the same work for the same job as WNBA players, but the NBA generates far more revenue than the WNBA. Society places a higher value on men’s sports than women’s sports because it is more entertaining. This should not come as a surprise, men are naturally more athletic and physically fit than women. This may upset some people, but what injustice has occurred? It is nothing more than a biological reality. Should the government redistribute revenue from the NBA and give it to the WNBA or subsidize the WNBA? That would be absurd. Other jobs in which males tend to have higher wages than women include: sales, marketing and finance. These are not easily explainable, but perhaps men are more analytical when it comes to finance or they’re more confrontational and better negotiators when it comes to sales.

Likewise, there are jobs in which women have disproportionately higher wages than men. In the adult entertainment industry women make far more than men. Is discrimination taking place? Once again this is a wage inequality based not on bigotry, but on the values of society. Other jobs that tend to favor women include: bakers, bartenders, interviewers, early childhood teachers, dieticians and nutritionists, occupational therapists, clerks, painters, and equipment mechanics. It makes sense that female kindergarten teachers are paid more, because they tend to be more nurturing than males. More surprising though is the fact that some of these occupations are male-dominated, yet women still have higher wages.

So why are the feminists and social justice warriors not pointing out the income inequality in the professions that favor women? The answer is they don’t really care about equality between men and women. They favor particular groups while promoting use of government force against other groups – a form of collectivism, which is diametrically opposed to individual liberty. They will use the law to redistribute capital from one group of people to give to another, because of some imagined injustice against the group they identify with. Politicians like Hillary Clinton understand how demagoguing is a powerful tool to win over voters that think in terms of the collective.

In reality true gender wage discrimination is extremely marginal and is no excuse for government to pass laws to harass businesses. If a woman feels she is getting paid less than her male co-workers for the exact same job, then she should leave and find a job with an employer that will give her fair pay. The market competes for labor and employees can bid their human capital for better wages. If a female employee is valuable to a business, more than likely the employer’s interest in retaining that employee supersedes any kind of prejudice. If an employer’s prejudice supersedes the employee’s economic value, then another business can capitalize on that employee when he/she quits in order to find a fairer wage. This is especially true in a free-market economy in which opportunities to start a business, grow that business and compete with other businesses is optimized.